First or second conditional?, British Council


1. The first conditionalThe first conditional refers to present or future time and talks about real situations or events. We use the first conditional to talk about the present or future.Form - 'If' / 'Unless' + present simple, 'can' / 'will' / 'may':I'll stop if it turns red.2. The second conditionalThe second conditional also talks about the present or future but refers to imaginary or impossible situations and events.Form - 'If' / 'unless' + past , 'would' / 'could' / 'might':If I was rich, I'd have a car like that.In spoken English use 'were' or 'was' in the singular. When writing we use 'were':If I were rich, I'd be happier.The second conditional describes situations which are contrary to the facts:If I didn't have five children, I could afford a car. I wouldn't need to use the bus.

First or second conditional, first and second conditionals, conditionals comparsion, type one and type two lesson, British Council video lessons, Johnny Grammar
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